Stagg Performer Set Microphone and Boom Stand
Stagg Performer set with cardioid dynamic microphone, boom stand, XLR/XLR cable, rubber clamp and bag.
Definition of a cardioid microphone
A microphone having approximately uniform response over 180 degrees in front and minimum response in back, a polar curve representing its directional response being a cardioid. This reduces the chance of feedback in live stage scenarios.
- Professional Stagg cardioid dynamic microphone with cartridge
- 103 – 166 cm steel boom stand with folding legs
- 6m 3pin XLR cable
- Rubber clamp with thread adaptor
- Microphone nylon bag
When to Use Cardioids
The advantage of using cardioid mics seems simple, right? It records where you point it, and ignores everything else. Which is why it is the obvious choice for vocal mics.
But here are some less-obvious examples when it’s ESPECIALLY useful:
Miking up a drum kit – With so many instruments so close together, isolation might seem impossible. But it CAN be done, with the right cardioid mics, positioned in the right spots.
Live performances – On-stage, when sounds are coming at you from all directions, cardioid mics are great maintaining isolation and preventing feedback.
Untreated rooms – In rooms with poor acoustics, close-miking with cardioid mics can work wonders at minimizing reflected sound.
Drawbacks of using Cardioid Mics
Now they might seem ideal in most cases.. but cardioid mics DO have drawbacks!
The two BIGGEST ones being:
Off-axis colouration – With most cardioid mics, you see a drop in high frequency sensitivity as sounds move further off-axis. This could be bad, for instance, with an inexperienced singer unconscious of his head movements.
Proximity effect – A phenomenon exclusive to cardioid mics. Proximity effect is a boost in bass frequencies that results from extreme close-miking. Using the same “inexperienced singer” example, you can see how this might also cause problems.
Supercardioid and hypercardioid patterns, while essential for filmmakers, are not commonly used in the recording studio.
When to Use Omnidirectional Microphones
Because they are SO prone to off-axis spill; omnidirectional mics aren’t nearly as popular as they were prior to the invention of the cardioid pattern. But by no means does that make them irrelevant. For example:
Here are common situations when they’re preferable:
If recording the sound of the room – such as with room mics for drums.
When recording a wide sound source – such as an orchestra, choir, or grand piano.
Recording a moving target – such as an acoustic guitar player who can’t sit still.
When recording in stereo – such as with the common A/B technique.
Compared to cardioid mics, omnidirectional mics offer the following advantages:
immunity to proximity effect
lower self noise
a frequency range that typically extends a full octave lower
less colouration of off-axis sounds
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